Soviet Ethnography: A Failed Affair with Marxism
Parole chiave:Ethnography, ethnology, Russia revolution, Soviet power, Marxism ethnicity
Soviet power came into being after Revolution of 1917 with the efficient support of counter-imperial ethnic/national forces which also provided later on the composition of USSR as multinational state and, accordingly, growth, or even boom, of the ethnography/ethnology. However, since the new state and novel elite strengthened their positions, the same forces began to treat as the threat to the Soviet power. That was the background of turning point and drama that happened to early Soviet science on peoples and cultures in the late 1920s and early 1930s described in the article.
Alymov S. S., Arzyutov D. V. 2014, Marxist ethnography for seven days: The meeting of the ethnographers of Moscow and Leningrad and the discussions in Soviet social sciences in the 1920s–1930s // From the classics till Marxism: the meeting of the ethnographers of Moscow and Leningrad(April 5–11 1929), St. P: MAE RAS, 21–90.
Arzjutov D. V., Alymov S. S., Anderson D. Jh. 2014, From the classics till
Marxism: the meeting of the ethnographers of Moscow and Leningrad (April 5–11 1929), St. Pb.: MAE RAS.
Asad, Talal 1991, Afterword: From the History of Colonial Anthropology to the Anthropology of Western Hegemony, In Colonial Situations: Essays on the Contextualization of Ethnographic Knowledge, George W. Stocking Jr., ed. 314– 324.
Bogoraz V. G. 1930, Concerning the application of Marxist method for the research into ethnographic phenomena, «Ethnography», No 1–2: 3–56.
Galtung, Johan 1967, Scientific Colonialism: The Lessons of Project Camelot, Transition 5–6 (30): 11–15.
Golovnev A. V., Kisser T. S. 2015, The Ethno-portrait of the Empire in the works of P. S. Pallas and I. G. Georgi, «The Ural historical herald», No 3(48): 59–69.
Gough, Kathleen 1968, Anthropology: Child of Imperialism, Monthly Review 19(11):12–27.
Heidemann F. 2011, Ethnologie. Eine. Einführung, Göttingen: Vandehoek und Ruprecht UTB.
Ingold, Tim 2011, Being Alive. Essays on movement, knowledge and
description, L. NY: Routledge
Kan S. 2009, Lev Sternberg: anthropologist, Russian socialist, Jewish activist, Lincoln: L. Univ. of Nebraska Press.
Martin, Terry 2001, An Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923–1939, Cornell Univ. Press.
Pels, Peter 2008, What Has Anthropology Learned from the Anthropology of Colonialism?, «Social Anthropology» 16(3): 280–299.
Reshetov A. M. 1994, Ethnography that was subject to repression: People and fates, «Kunstkamera. Ethnographic books», Issue. 4, 185–221.
S.a. 1957, Decrees of the Soviet power, Vol. I, Moscow: Political literature edit.
S.a. 2006, Ethnology. Course-book, Moscow: Academy project, Alma Mater.
Solovey T. D. 1998, From “bourgeois” ethnology till “Soviet” ethnography. History of the native ethnology in the third part of the 20 century, Moscow: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the RAS.
Suny R. G. 1993, The Revenge of the Past. Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet Union, Stanford.
Suny R. G. 2007, The Empire as it is: the imperial period in the history of
Russia, “national” identity and the theories of the Empire // Nationalism in the history of the world, Moscow.
Tokarev S. A. 1958, First composite ethnographic work about the peoples of Russia, Moscow University Herald, No 4: 113–127.
Tokarev S. A. 2012, History of Russian Ethnography, Moscow: Librokom,
Pre-October period. 2nd ed.
Vermeulen, Han F. 2015, Before Boas: the genesis of ethnography and
ethnology in the German Enlightenment, University of Nebraska Press.
Lincoln & London.
Zolotarev A. M. 1934, Ethnography in Moscow, «Soviet ethnography», No 4: 118–119.
Gli autori mantengono i diritti sulla loro opera e cedono alla rivista il diritto di prima pubblicazione dell'opera, contemporaneamente licenziata sotto una Licenza Creative Commons - Attribuzione che permette ad altri di condividere l'opera indicando la paternità intellettuale e la prima pubblicazione su questa rivista.
Gli autori possono diffondere la loro opera online (es. in repository istituzionali o nel loro sito web) prima e durante il processo di submission, poiché può portare a scambi produttivi e aumentare le citazioni dell'opera pubblicata (Vedi The Effect of Open Access).