EtnoAntropologia <p>Rivista semestrale della <a href="" target="_blank">SIAC</a> (Società Italiana di Antropologia Culturale) <br />rivista di fascia A, settore 11/A5 - ISSN 2284-0176</p> it-IT <p>Gli autori mantengono i diritti sulla loro opera e cedono alla rivista il diritto di prima pubblicazione dell'opera, contemporaneamente licenziata sotto una <a href="" target="_new">Licenza Creative Commons - Attribuzione</a> che permette ad altri di condividere l'opera indicando la paternità intellettuale e la prima pubblicazione su questa rivista.</p><p>Gli autori possono diffondere la loro opera online (es. in repository istituzionali o nel loro sito web) prima e durante il processo di submission, poiché può portare a scambi produttivi e aumentare le citazioni dell'opera pubblicata (Vedi <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</p> (Alberto Baldi) (Claudio Tubertini) Fri, 20 Jan 2023 09:42:36 +0000 OJS 60 Editoriale n.2 2022 Alberto Baldi, Eugenio Zito Copyright (c) 2023 Eugenio Zito, Alberto Baldi Fri, 20 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Rifugiati congolesi in Sudafrica: fra mutuo aiuto e rivendicazioni identitarie <p class="western"><span lang="en-GB">At the end of the last century, post-apartheid South Africa opens up to the world and international law on political asylum. At the same time, Mobutu's Zaire collapses. This historical conjuncture is at the origin of a major migration flow of Congolese to southern Africa that has marked the last decades. The essay focuses on the community of Congolese in Cape Town showing their great creativity in establishing mutual aid associations. Some of these associations are geared toward imagining and achieving, at least in the diaspora, that unity of the Congo that remains a utopia in the homeland. </span></p> Stefano Allovio Copyright (c) 2023 Stefano Allovio Fri, 20 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Assertività femminili transculturali delle seconde generazioni nell’Italia multietnica tra intraprendenza imprenditoriale e creatività artistiche <p>Italy’s society, which has witnessed significant migratory flows for several decades, has been experiencing profound socio-cultural transformations. In particular, migratory flows have reshaped Italian culture and new identities belonging to multiple worlds, cultures, and languages have emerged. In this multi-ethnic Italy, an increasing number of immigrant women have become entrepreneurs, while others stand out as experimenters of new musical languages ​​by proposing their diversity. This essay aims to analyse their significant role in Italy, and above all how these young second-generation women live and interpret their Italianness and how they express and assert themselves.</p> Annalisa Di Nuzzo Copyright (c) 2023 Annalisa Di Nuzzo Fri, 20 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 La mediazione culturale <p>The main question of this essay concerns the role of cultural mediation in hosting practices for migrants. The analysis of mediators’ interviews aims to underline the State approach to management of international flows of people. Despite the institutional preference for control practices, the study of the host system for refugees and asylum seekers shows the key role of third sector and civil society in promoting inclusion projects: building cultural ties is actually desire, project, stubborn determination of social workers and researchers.</p> Alessia Fiorillo Copyright (c) 2023 Alessia Fiorillo Fri, 20 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Black Hole, It Follows e lo Spirito Cannibale. Adolescenza e riti di passaggio <p>This essay analyzes the passage to adulthood in three different art and culture contexts. In the graphic novel <em>Black Hole</em> a sexually transmitted disease turns the characters into lonely mutants. In the movie <em>It Follows</em> some teenagers with ‘no-future’ lives are threatened by disturbing figures trying to kill them. Both these works show the lack of adults and youth isolation from the society. Among the Kwakiutl, the Cannibal Spirit kidnaps young boys and take them to the forest where they experience a liminal condition: the rite involves the whole society and the adults play a key role. These social dramas will be used to analyze the weakening of the ritualization related to the transition to adult age in the contemporary world.</p> Accursio Graffeo Copyright (c) 2023 Accursio Graffeo Sat, 04 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Il lato quotidiano dell’islamofobia <p>The paper explores everyday forms of racism toward sons and daughters of Muslim migrants born or raised in Italy since the late 1990s and early 2000s by shedding light on recent debates on Islamophobia in Italy and Europe. Based on my interlocutors’ narratives about their experiences of racism at different levels of education, the paper shows how these experiences significantly impacted their identity paths. The case is initially read through the lens of anthropological literature on cultural racism to introduce the discussion of another way of marking difference that seems particularly apt to describe long-standing forms of discrimination against ethnic-religious minorities in Europe: spiritual racism. Then, the paper introduces the notion of “micro-racism” to shed light on how Islamophobia is reproduced in an elusive and almost imperceptible way in daily interactions with teachers and peers, especially since middle school. Defining these forms of racism as “micro” is not meant to belittle the phenomenon but to point to its specificity. It is useful to highlight the particular ways in which ethnoreligious difference is marked in a context like Italy where minorities are relatively less visible than in other European countries. Finally, the paper refers to recent academic discussions on femonationalism, yet by moving the analysis from the level of public discourse to that of daily interactions between female teachers and students especially.</p> Fabio Vicini Copyright (c) 2023 Fabio Vicini Thu, 09 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Derelict land. Una riflessione sulle fabbriche abbandonate nel territorio biellese. <p>The marks left on the ground by the industrial history are a distinctive feature of the Biella landscape. The nineteenth-century origins of the first wool entrepreneurial adventures produced obsolete structures already in the last century, triggering an initial interest in the recovery and enhancement of “historic factories”. Starting from studies about deindustrialization and the effects of the subsequent process of abandonment, the article examines the need to reflect on the presence of abandoned areas, taking into account not only their heritage but also the repercussions on the lives of the inhabitants. Through the meanings that can be found in artistic productions such as movies or novels, and from the description of the “social ruins” caused by the loss of work, an anthropological research path is traced to give voice to the community and to the “cultural drama” caused by a long period of transition [Dudley 1997].</p> Manuela Vinai Copyright (c) 2023 Manuela Vinai Fri, 20 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000